About Romania

discover more about Romania's

Location Language Climate

Romania

is situated in the southeastern part of Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary to the northwest, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea to the southeast, Ukraine to the east and to the north and the Republic of Moldova to the east. Roughly the size of Oregon, Romania is the second largest country in the area, after Poland.

The official language

is Romanian, a neo-latin language with influences from other languages such as Greek, Balkan, German, Slavic, Hungarian. The writing system is Latin. The grammar preserves more Latin grammatical constructs than other neo-latin languages.

The climate

Is continental with pleasant springs, very warm summers, dry and cool autumns and very cold winters. The warmest month is July while the coldest is January.

Spring

is pleasant with cool mornings and nights and warm days.

Summer

is quite warm, with extended sunny days. The hottest areas in summer are the lowlands in southern and eastern Romania where 38˚C is often reached in July and August. Temperatures are always cooler in the mountains.

Autumn

is dry and cool, with fields and trees producing colorful foliage, much like New England.

Winters

can be cold, especially in the mountains. While not the rule, abundant snowfalls may occur throughout the country, from December to mid-March.

Geography

Romania's territory features splendid mountains

beautiful rolling hills, fertile plains and numerous rivers and lakes. The Carpathian Mountains traverse the centre of the country bordered on both sides by foothills and finally the great plains of the outer rim. Forests cover over one quarter of the country and the fauna is one of the richest in Europe including bears, deer, lynx, chamois and wolves. The legendary Danube River ends its eight-country journey at the Black Sea, after forming one of the largest and most biodiverse wetlands in the world, the Danube Delta.

The Carpathian Mountains

Although not as high as the Alps, the Carpathian Mountains extend over 965 km in Romania, in the shape of an arch. They are divided into three major ranges: the Eastern (Oriental) Carpathians, the Southern Carpathians (also known as the Transylvanian Alps), and the Western Carpathians. Each of these ranges feature a variety of landscapes, due to the different types of terrain (glacial, karstic, structural, and volcanic).

Romania's mountains are a great destination for numerous outdoor activities including: climbing, hiking, biking and river-rafting. Some of the most popular ski resorts are Poiana Brasov, Sinaia, Predeal, Vatra Dornei, Lake Balea and Paltinis.

The Danube Delta

The Danube River ends its 2850 km journey through Europe in south-eastern Romania. There, the river splits into 3 distributaries: Chilia, Sulina and Sfântu Gheorghe, forming the Danube Delta. It is the newest land in the country, with beaches expanding almost 20 meters into the sea every year. Overall, the delta is a triangular swampy area of marshes, floating reed islands and sandbanks. It is a UNESCO Biosphere Reservation as well as a protected wetland and natural habitat for rare species of plants and animals. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve has the third largest biodiversity in the world (over 5,500 flora and fauna species) (source: romaniatourism.com).

The Black Sea

The Romanian Black Sea Coast stretches a little over 241 km. The Black Sea is a continental sea, with a low tide and salinity and water temperatures of 25 - 26˚C in the summertime. Its wide, sandy beaches facing east and south-east become a major tourist attraction from May until September.

History

The History

has been very full of events with frequent changes of control over the territory. In the 5th century BCE, the territory was populated by the Dacians. However, the Roman Empire expansion reached the region and, at the beginning of the second century, the territory was under Roman occupation. By the end of the century, the Romans left, leaving place to several foreign migrations.

The Middle Ages

found Romanians divided in three principalities: Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania. The principalities faced many attacks from the neighbouring empires which continued up to the early modern period. In 1859 Wallachia and Moldovia reunited by electing together Alexandru Ioan Cuza as prince.

At the end of World War I

the Kingdom of Romania was part of the wining alliance. This led to the so called Great Union in which all the former territories, Transylvania, Banat, Bucovina and Basarabia were reunited with the Kingdom. By the end of World War II, several territories were lost. In 1945, King Michael was forced to resign and the country fell under communist control. The communist regime fell in December 1989, its end being possible thanks to revolutions starting from Timișoara to Bucharest.